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Streptavidin-hydrogel prepared by sortase A-assisted click chemistry for enzyme immobilization on an electrode.

Matsumoto, Takuya; Isogawa, Yuki; Tanaka, Tsutomu; Kondo, Akihiko.
Biosens Bioelectron; 99: 56-61, 2018 Jan 15.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28738228

Abstract

A tetrameric streptavidin (SA)-appended LPETG tag was site-specifically linked to azido-containing tri-glycine via sortase A catalysis and the resulting azido-modified SA (SA-N3) was retained in the biotin-binding pocket. SA-N3 was polymerized with dibenzylcyclooctyne-modified branched poly(ethyleneglycol) (DBCO-PEG) using azido-modified branched PEG (N3-PEG) as a spacer via copper-free click chemistry. The resulting SA-based hydrogel exhibited gel-like mechanical properties and could immobilize biotin-modified molecules through biotin-SA affinity. Glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) was immobilized in the SA-based hydrogel, and the hydrogel was then coated on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and used for the biocatalytic oxidation of glucose. The designed GCE exhibited better performance and stability compared with GDH chemically adsorbed onto a GCE. In addition, the designed GCE anode and a Pt-carbon cathode were assembled into a glucose/O fuel cell that provided a maximum power density and open circuit voltage of 11.8±0.56µWcm and 0.17V, respectively.