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Graphene oxide@gold nanorods-based multiple-assisted electrochemiluminescence signal amplification strategy for sensitive detection of prostate specific antigen.

Cao, Jun-Tao; Yang, Jiu-Jun; Zhao, Li-Zhen; Wang, Yu-Ling; Wang, Hui; Liu, Yan-Ming; Ma, Shu-Hui.
Biosens Bioelectron; 99: 92-98, 2018 Jan 15.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28743084

Abstract

A novel and competitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) aptasensor for prostate specific antigen (PSA) assay was constructed using gold nanorods functionalized graphene oxide (GO@AuNRs) multilabeled with glucose oxidase (GOD) and streptavidin (SA) toward luminol-based ECL system. A strong initial ECL signal was achieved by electrodeposited gold (DpAu) on the electrode because of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) motivating the luminol ECL signal. The signal probes prepared by loading GOD and SA-biotin-DNA on GO@AuNRs were used for achieving multiple signal amplification. In the absence of PSA, the signal probes can be attached on the electrode by hybridization reaction between PSA aptamer and biotin-DNA. In this state, the GOD loaded on the probe could catalyze glucose to in situ produce H O and then AuNRs catalyze H O to generate abundant reactive oxygen species (ROSs) in luminol ECL reaction. Both the high-content GOD and AuNRs in the signal probe amplified the ECL signal in the ECL system. Moreover, the combination of SA with biotin-DNA further expands ECL intensity. The integration of such amplifying effects in this protocol endows the aptasensor with high sensitivity and good selectivity for PSA detection. This aptasensor exhibits a linear relation in the range of 0.5pgmL to 5.0ngmL with the detection limit of 0.17pgmL (S/N = 3). Besides, the strategy was successfully applied in determination of human serum samples with recovery of 81.4-116.0%.