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A highly stable acetylcholinesterase biosensor based on chitosan-TiO -graphene nanocomposites for detection of organophosphate pesticides.

Cui, Hui-Fang; Wu, Wen-Wen; Li, Meng-Meng; Song, Xiaojie; Lv, Yuanxu; Zhang, Ting-Ting.
Biosens Bioelectron; 99: 223-229, 2018 Jan 15.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28763783

Abstract

A highly stable electrochemical acetylcholinesterase (AChE) biosensor for detection of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) was developed simply by adsorption of AChE on chitosan (CS), TiO sol-gel, and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) based multi-layered immobilization matrix (denoted as CS TiO -CS/rGO). The biosensor fabrication conditions were optimized, and the fabrication process was probed and confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical techniques. The matrix has a mesoporous nanostructure. Incorporation of CS and electrodeposition of a CS layer into/on the TiO sol-gel makes the gel become mechanically strong. The catalytic activity of the AChE immobilized CS TiO -CS/rGO/glassy carbon electrode to acetylthiocholine is significantly higher than those missing any one of the component in the matrix. The detection linear range of the biosensor to dichlorvos, a model OP compound, is from 0.036µM (7.9 ppb) to 22.6µM, with a limit of detection of 29nM (6.4 ppb) and a total detection time of about 25min. The biosensor is very reproducibly and stable both in detection and in storage, and can accurately detect the dichlorvos levels in cabbage juice samples, providing an efficient platform for immobilization of AChE, and a promisingly applicable OPs biosensor with high reliability, simplicity, and rapidness.