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A novel approach for simultaneous analysis of perchlorate (ClO ) and bromate (BrO ) in fruits and vegetables using modified QuEChERS combined with ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Dong, Hao; Xiao, Kaijun; Xian, Yanping; Wu, Yuluan; Zhu, Liang.
Food Chem; 270: 196-203, 2019 Jan 01.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174035

Abstract

Perchlorate (ClO ) and bromate (BrO ) are mainly determined by ion chromatography methods. The present work aims to develop a modified QuEChERS combined with ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous analysis of ClO and BrO in fruits and vegetables including cherry tomato, strawberry, tomato, potato, lettuce and pakchoi. Two target inorganic anions were separated on a Diamonsil C18(2) column by gradient elution, scanned in ESI negative mode and detected under multiple reactions monitoring (MRM). Limit of detection (LOD) and method limit of quantification (MLOQ), matrix effect, accuracy and precision of the developed method were investigated. Results were linear in their concentration ranges, with coefficients of determination (r ) bigger than 0.999. LODs for ClO and BrO were 0.1 µg/L and 0.5 µg/L, respectively. The validated method provided sufficient selectivity, sensitivity and accuracy to screen for ClO and BrO with ignorable matrix effects. Recoveries for different kinds of negative samples at 3 spiked levels were between 82.0% and 99.5%. Both intraday-precision and interday-precision were satisfactory, showing RSDr values in the range of 2.1-7.1% and RSD values in the range of 7.2-10.8%. The proposed method was successfully applied to determine target inorganic anions in several fruits and vegetables. Perchlorate was detected in 12 vegetable samples with the concentrations ranged from 21 µg/kg to 162 µg/kg. Results indicated that there was wide ClO contamination in vegetables, confirming its urgency for monitoring harmful inorganic anions in our daily consumed vegetables.