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Lemon yellow #15 a new highly stable, water soluble food colorant from the peel of Citrus limon.

Chen, Xiaoyan; Ding, Yuanqing; Forrest, Billy; Oh, Joonseok; Boussert, Stephanie M; Hamann, Mark T.
Food Chem; 270: 251-256, 2019 Jan 01.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174043


To provide stable and low-cost naturally derived yellow pigments, a variety of food byproducts were evaluated and the constituents of lemon peel have emerged yielding a highly promising natural product with applications as a food dye. Here we report a new, highly stable and water soluble food dye called yellow #15 from the ethanol extract of the zest of Citrus limon. The structure of lemon yellow #15 was carefully assigned on the basis of spectroscopic data, including 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, and the absolute configuration was established by comparison of the experimental CD with calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectral data. CIELAB values and Delta CIELAB were measured and revealed this new water-soluble pigment has superior light stability relative to other natural products used as food dyes.