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Label free DNA-based optical biosensor as a potential system for wine authenticity.

Barrias, Sara; Fernandes, José R; Eiras-Dias, José Eduardo; Brazão, João; Martins-Lopes, Paula.
Food Chem; 270: 299-304, 2019 Jan 01.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174050

Abstract

The diversity found among the Vitis vinifera L. species allows the production of wines with very different characteristics. The development of platforms suitable for food composition analysis is currently an emerging area. Among these, DNA biosensors have been developed for a wide variety of applications, ranging from food safety to authenticity. The main aim of this work was to study the detection capacity of the DNA-based optical biosensor using different V. vinifera matrices (leaf, must and wine). Genomic DNA was extracted from leaf, must and wine of three V. vinifera varieties and was tested on the long-period grating (LPG) DNA-based biosensor developed within our group. The biosensor was able to distinguish the varieties even using DNA extracted from complex matrices, revealing its potential to be applied in wine authenticity.