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Towards on-line monitoring of phenolic content in red wine grapes: A feasibility study.

Aleixandre-Tudo, Jose Luis; Nieuwoudt, Helene; du Toit, Wessel.
Food Chem; 270: 322-331, 2019 Jan 01.
Article in En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174054

Abstract

Spectroscopy techniques to efficiently measure phenolic composition in grape berries may be a suitable analytical practice, provided that robust calibrations are established. A contactless FT-NIR instrument was used for on-line spectral data collection from grapes transported on a conveyor belt system. Spectral data was also collected on static samples using the same NIR instrument. Spectral measurements of crushed berries captured from the conveyor belt system and the use of the homogenate extraction protocol as reference method provided the most accurate prediction models. Values obtained for errors in prediction (RMSEP%) and RPD were 12% and 2.37, 12.3% and 3.37, 7.8% and 3.2, 16.7% and 2.84 for tannins (mg/g) and anthocyanins (mg/g) on a fresh weight basis, total phenols and colour density (AU), respectively. The results observed in this study show the ability of NIR spectroscopy to monitor the phenolic composition of grape berries transported on a conveyor belt system online.